The Raw Materials

The selection of raw materials is of paramount importance to obtain a product whose characteristics provide the optimum nutritional intake and biological value for the welfare of pets. In Farmina, we use only the best products of our partners to produce food nutritionally able to meet at best the nutritional needs of dogs and cats.
That’s why in all our food, especially in our Natural & Delicious products, we perform an accurate selection of best raw materials.

Chicken, lamb and wild boar meat, as well as eggs, come from certified farms and carefully selected for their high quality standards.
Chicken meat used in Farmina products comes from Italian chicken reared in the open fresh from slaughter, without feathers and other poor quality parts. This helps in making this raw material a food with a high content of high biological value protein, with a 95% rate of digestibility.
Lamb meat derives from New Zealand's extensive production and are selected for their higher content in essential fatty acids and linoleic acid with anticancer action, as well as having a better ratio of lean and fat mass than other red meats.
Farmina selects wild boar meat directly from Tuscan and Umbrian semi-wild herds. This is a particularly valuable type of red meat, with high biological value and not commonly used as raw material in dog and cat nutrition.
Eggs come from Italian flocks, they are considered the protein source of reference for biological value and digestibility. They are transported fresh to the shelling plants and here transformed into powder through a process of dehydration for atomisation, which guarantees the nutrient preservation of this food.
Fish species included in Farmina formulas are cod and herring, both from sea fishing and not aquaculture, which guarantees the high quality of raw materials and a low chloride content.
In order to ensure the correct contributions in essential amino acids, Farmina shall integrate some diets with taurine, methionine, lysine and cystine. The addition of these amino acids helps to increase the biological value of food proteins of Farmina products to further meet the specific needs of different species and categories of animals.

In companion carnivores fats represent an important energy source, as well as an essential fatty acid source and a decisive factor of palatability.
Farmina selects as fats sources for its food mainly chicken fat and fish oil. Within vegetable oils, linseed oil is rich in linoleic acid, essential fatty acid both for dogs and cats.
Chicken fat, again from Italian suppliers, has a higher value of polyunsaturated fatty acids than bovine or swine sources and it is also palatable for animals.
Fish oil, coming from Scandinavia, is the animal fat richest in omega-3 fatty acids, particularly EPA and DHA, very useful for their anti-inflammatory action. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (the so called PUFAs) play an important role in skin and coat wellbeing and have anti-aging effects.

Carbohydrates are another important source of energy for dogs and cats. In particular carbohydrates as they provide readily available energy.
We don’t use corn, but only selected first choice spelt, oats, potato; the innovative technology we use and the accurate controls we take over raw materials guarantee an excellent level of digestibility.
The treatment with twin screw extruder allows a better mixing of the product and a better distribution of the heat, ensuring higher digestibility.
The use of ancestral cereals, such as spelt and oats, guarantees a better modulation of energy availability during the day.
In foods and diets that require it, sometimes we also use potato and rice, because these carbohydrate sources guarantee a rapid energy boost for the subject.

In a balanced food, the correct intake of fibre plays an important role in the regulation of intestinal transit of food ingested and influences the absorption of several nutrients.
Farmina products use as fibre sources beet pulp, pea fibre, pure cellulose and dehydrated alfalfa.
The beet pulp we use is Italian and promotes regular bowel movements and the formation of good stool consistency.
Pure cellulose, used in some diet formulas, is the main source of insoluble fibre. It is fundamental for intestinal peristalsis and it is especially indicated in treatments that require a reduction of caloric intake.
Pea fibre, high in soluble fibre, creates a jelly mass in the digestive tract that slows the intestinal transit and promotes the absorption of micronutrients.
Dehydrated alfalfa is a good source of micronutrients such as carotens and calcium.
The presence in the ingredients of some peculiar pre-biotics such as fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) and mannan-oligosaccharides (MOS) plays a beneficial action on the bowel by competitive exclusion of pathogenic bacteria and by selective sequestration and elimination of any toxin.
Psyllium seeds are very rich in soluble fibre and are ideal in slowing food transit along the digestive tract, meanwhile they promote some nutrients' absorption and good stool consistency.
Farmina pays particular attention to the fibre mix to use in each formula, always taking into account the physiological and/or pathological condition of the animal or specific features of species or breed that most predispose a subject to certain pathologic conditions.

Vitamins are essential for proper nutrition because they are the most important driver of biochemical reactions in the body.
Vitamin deficiencies can in some cases present specific and obvious symptoms, in others more subtly or with a state of general weakening of the subject. It is thus mandatory to guarantee the daily intake of appropriate amounts to grant a smooth operation of all vital functions. Vegetal natural extracts of grape seed and green tea boost the antioxidant action.
Farmina products' vitamin supplementation is also complete and balanced according to the physiological and developmental stage of the animal and of any pathology to treat which a specific diet has been developed..
Vitamins in Farmina food are longer lasting thanks to the post-extrusion integration which prevents them from thermal stress and grants highest bioavailability thanks to advanced and innovative technologies (Long Life Vitamins System).

Maximum care and attention are reserved to the inclusion of macro and oligo-elements, specifically balanced by species, age, and physiopathological condition of the animal they are intended to.
In the formulas of diets designed to treat specific pathological conditions Farmina Pet Foods pays particular attention to mineral compounds, increasing or reducing each element's concentration in order to compensate specific metabolic deficits of some pathological conditions and/or to preserve involved organs' functionality.

Farmina uses both nutraceuticals (compounds with medicine-like properties already present or extracted from food) and functional compounds (ingredients with specific beneficial properties besides nutritional effects) in its food formulas.
One of the nutraceuticals we use is glucosamine, extracted from crustaceans, and chondroitin sulfate, extracted from cartilaginous fish, both useful in promoting growth and repair of cartilage tissue.
Several functional compounds are furthermore used in several combinations both in maintenance food and in clinical nutrition diets. Specifically we use several fruit extracts like apple, rich in provitamin A, Vitamins B1, B2, B6, E, C, niacin, folic acid, flavonoids and carotenoids; pomegranate is a source of vitamins of B group, vitamin C, potassium and antioxidant poliphenols; blueberry and blackcurrant are rich in vitamin A and C, pectines, tannins, mirtillin and other antocyans (important protectors of retinoic vases); orange, source of B complex vitamins and vitamin C, zinc, potassium, calcium and flavonoids and grapeseed which, rich in antioxidant complexes, help in reducing systemic hypertension.
In Farmina foods is possible to find also spinach, rich in vitamin C, carotenoids, folic acid and lutein (essential in retinal protection) and carrot, rich in vitamin A, and several medicinal plants such as rosemary, rich in natural antioxidants; aloe vera, with anti-inflammatory, detoxifying, bacteriostatic and with skin repair action, turmeric, with important skin healing and antioxidant effects and green tea, rich in antioxidants polyphenols.
Within the other nutraceuticals, Farmina uses the integration with marigold as lutein and natural antioxidants source and for its peculiar anti-inflammatory effect and the integration with isoflavones, with a mild estrogenic action helpful in hormone balance in neutered animals.

A precious mix of elements useful to the health of our four-legged family members.