Dynamic and personalized nutrition for your pet

Many Pet Parents are not fully aware that providing the proper food with the right nutrients served in the correct amount is fundamental to ensure your pet’s well-being throughout their lifetime.

Debunking common myths of food rationing
The traditional way for rationing food is to read the feeding guide located on the back of the pack and assume that the amount written for your pet’s weight range is enough to satisfy their daily needs. This is not correct! For example, two dogs with the same weight, breed, age, but with a different lifestyle will have different nutrition needs. This is why the Farmina Genius, in collaboration with University Federico II in Naples (Italy), developed a tool that calculates your pet’s daily caloric requirement based on a series of variables some of which may change throughout their lifetime. The output of this tool is a tailored dynamic nutrition plan, which is one of the main pillars of managing your pet’s health.
Since there are so many variables, the tool needs your help! The more information and data you provide, the more accurate the calculation will be. This is why your Genius Consultant is always at your disposal through the Farmina Genius App to grant the necessary support.
Let’s explore some of the most common nutrition characteristics of our beloved pets and how to take action!

Tip From the Farmina Genius
To ensure the best possible results for your pet, remember that each life stage may require a recalibration in their caloric intake. Don’t forget to adjust the dynamic nutrition plan periodically with your Farmina Genius Consultant.
Do you have more questions? Ask me whatever you wish in the chat below!

Nutritional Characteristics of Puppies and Kittens
During the initial growth phase, both puppies and kittens require a large amount of energy that is greater compared to the needs of adult dogs and cats.
Puppies – The energy demand, which is known as the calories required per kilogram,  is 2.5 times higher in puppies up to 6 months of age. For puppies from 6 to 12 months of age, the required energy increment is around 1.4 to 1.75 times compared to an adult.
Kittens – The energy demand can range from a 50% higher in kittens from 9 to 12 months and up to 150% higher in kittens up to 4 months of age compared to adults. To put things into perspective when comparing kittens with adult cats, kittens will need twice the calories in their food compared to an adult (depending on their weight).

Nutrition of adult dogs and cats
Adult Dogs – In adulthood, properly calculated caloric requirements must also take into account their daily physical activity. Dogs that perform little to no exercise require approximately 10-25% fewer calories when compared to a very active adult.
Nutritional needs are also greater if your dog is either pregnant or lactating, a period when Pet Parents should leave the food at the disposal for the female, who will self-adjust the amount of consumption according to her specific needs.
Adult cats – When your cat has transitioned into adulthood, it is important to look at the amount of food they are consuming. Unneutered cats and especially those who have access to the outdoors need to intake more (proteins and fats) compared to neutered and/or sedentary cats. That’s why it’s so important to choose the right food for each stage.
For pregnant and lactating cats, food consumption should be left up to the cat’s discretion. She will automatically regulate her daily needs in order to provide for herself and her offspring.

Nutrition of neutered dogs and cats 
Neutered dogs – They are constantly fighting against weight gain since their nutritional requirements become lower once they are neutered. To avoid rapid weight gain, diets with more fiber should be introduced. This will decrease the food’s energy density with a higher sense of satiety.
Neutered cats – They have lower energy needs due to a scarcity of reproductive-related behaviors which naturally decrease the feline’s physical activity, and the hormonal changes brought by neutering also reduce the animal’s metabolic rate. So it is necessary to offer less calorific food. In such situations, the control of the food amount should be strict, because the chances of the cat becoming overweight are much higher.

Nutrition of senior dogs and cats
Senior Dogs – A dog’s senior phase begins at around the age of 10 for small and medium dogs, while for large dogs it starts at around 8 years old because of their lower life expectancy. Some older dogs tend to become more selective when it comes to their food, therefore the ideal food must always include the correct macronutrients. In contrast, some dogs are subject to weight gain due to a lack of physical activity and a slower metabolism.
Senior Cats – Similarly to dogs, senior cats tend to significantly reduce the amount of physical activity, spending more hours sleeping as opposed to exercising. This reduction in calories burned calls for a diet that is low in carbohydrates and high in proteins.

Monitor and adjust your pet’s dynamic nutrition plan
As you may have understood in the previous paragraph, each pet and life stage has its own peculiarities which require specific foods, quantities, and variables that need to be taken into consideration.
Want to create a dynamic nutrition plan but don’t know where to begin? The Farmina Genius has you covered! Enroll your pet in the Pet Care Program. Together with your Farmina Genius Consultant, you will be able to design a dynamic course of action for your pet, complete with the ideal food, feeding amounts, and other useful tips regardless of its life stage and current conditions. Your Veterinarian will then cover all aspects related to its wellness.